3-D statistical cancer atlas-based targeting of prostate biopsy using ultrasound image guidance

Ramkrishnan Narayanan, Dinggang Shen, Christos Davatzikos, E. David Crawford, Albaha Barqawi, Priya Werahera, Dinesh Kumar, Jasjit S. Suri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Prostate cancer is a multifocal disease and lesions are not distributed uniformly within the gland. Several biopsy protocols concerning spatially specific targeting have been reported in urology literature. Recently a statistical cancer atlas of the prostate was constructed providing voxelwise probabilities of cancers in the prostate. Additionally an optimized set of biopsy sites were computed with 94 - 96% cancer detection accuracy using only 6-7 needles. Here we discuss the warping of this atlas to prostate segmented side-fire ultrasound images of the patient. A shape model was used to speed up registration. The model was trained from 38 surfaces of the prostate gland segmented by experts from real patient TRUS images. This training yielded as few as 15-20 degrees of freedom that were optimized to warp the atlas surface to the patient's ultrasound image followed by elastic interpolation of the 3-D atlas. As a result the atlas is completely mapped to the patient's prostate anatomy along with optimal predetermined needle locations for biopsy. These do not preclude the use of additional biopsies if desired. A color overlay of the atlas is also displayed on the ultrasound image showing high cancer zones within the prostate. Finally current biopsy locations are saved in the atlas space and may be used to update the atlas based on the pathology report. In addition to the optimal atlas plan, previous biopsy locations and alternate plans can also be stored in the atlas space and warped to the patient with no additional time overhead.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2008
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventMedical Imaging 2008: Image Processing - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2008 Feb 172008 Feb 19

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2008: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Atlas
  • Cancer
  • Prostate
  • Registration
  • Shape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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