A boron-doped diamond/carbon nanotube (BDD-CNT) hybrid material with a core-shell three-dimensional random network structure was fabricated using the electrostatic self-assembly of nanodiamond. In general, CNTs are easily etched out as hydrocarbons or transformed to graphitic clusters at defect sites in hydrogen-rich environments (that is, the typical conditions employed for diamond deposition). However, attaching a dense layer of nanodiamond particles to the outer wall of the CNTs suppressed CNT etching and promoted BDD growth. To attach the dispersed nanodiamond particles on the CNT surface, we used an electrostatic self-assembly technique in which the surface charges on the CNTs and the nanodiamond were controlled using cationic and anionic polymers. Following BDD deposition, the electrochemical properties of the BDD-CNT structures were examined by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results indicated that the BDD-CNTs exhibited enhanced electron transport efficiency, large effective surface areas and high sensitivity, with a remarkably low detection limit.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the MSPI (The Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea, under the ICT R&D Infrastructure Support Program (NIPA-2014-I2218-13-1001) supervised by the NIPA (National IT Industry Promotion Agency); by the Priority Research Centers Program (2009-0093823) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); by the Hi Seoul Science Fellowship from Seoul Scholarship Foundation; by the second stage of the Brain Korea 21 Project in 2012; and by a Korea University Grant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics