A 13-Gb/s Single-Ended NRZ Receiver With 1-Sample per 2-UI Using Data Edge Sampling for Memory Interfaces

Hyoshin Kang, Yoonjae Choi, Jincheol Sim, Jonghyuck Choi, Youngwook Kwon, Seungwoo Park, Seongcheol Kim, Changmin Sim, Chulwoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This brief presents a single-ended receiver (RX) with data edge (DE) sampling to reduce the clock frequency and phase for memory interfaces. The proposed technique samples data at the data edge per 2-unit intervals (UIs). When the data transition occurs, the comparator generates the decision error because the cross point does not have a vertical margin. To have a sufficient vertical margin, the proposed RX uses a high-pass filter (HPF) for the correct decision. In contrast, when there is no data transition, the comparator generates the correct decision without the HPF because the vertical margin of the data is already large. For the proposed DE sampling, the RX requires an HPF and two comparators that receive the input and output of the HPF. The inputs of the two comparators with different vertical margins generate the decision time differences between the two comparators. A time-based transition detector (TBTD) uses these decision time differences to determine whether a data transition has occurred. Subsequently, a decoder recovers the two consecutive data simultaneously using the outputs of the TBTD and two comparators. This work is fabricated using a 28-nm CMOS technology, and the core area occupies 0.0015 mm2. The RX core consumes 11.1 mW at 13-Gb/s and achieves an energy efficiency of 0.85 pJ/bit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Clocks
  • Data-edge sampling
  • Decoding
  • Delays
  • Detectors
  • High-pass filter
  • Memory interface
  • MOS devices
  • Receivers
  • Single-ended receiver
  • Voltage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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