A 3D Touchless Hand Navigation Sensor for Small-Size and Low-Power Applications

Ji Hee Han, Jeong Seok Kim, Min Sun Keel, Yong Sin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Modern electronic devices have been designed to allow many types of human-machine interfaces with flexibility. One of the user-friendly navigations is interfacing a human hand, but the implementation using conventional devices, such as additional controllers or image sensors, requires a larger size or a higher power. In this paper, a small-size and low-power 3D touchless hand navigation sensor (HNS) is presented. The proposed HNS based on a proximity sensor consists of an LED and integrated photosensors. The x-and y-directions can be controlled by tilting a hand in the x-Axis and the y-Axis without the need of swiping. The distance between the hand and HNS in the z-Axis is calculated by the photosensor dedicated to the z-Axis. The experimental results show that the proposed HNS is superior to other types of navigation sensors in terms of size and power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8660664
Pages (from-to)4907-4913
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1


  • 3D
  • Hand
  • low-power
  • navigation
  • touchless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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