Increasing environmental pollution and energy consumption have increased the demand for renewable and clean energy. Hydrogen storage materials have attracted increasing attention owing to the large volumetric density of hydrogen storage and high safety, which are beneficial for large-capacity and long-term energy storage capability. Various characterization approaches with different length scales have been conducted to understand the mechanisms of hydrogen absorption and desorption in these materials. In particular, local characterization techniques have been recently applied to study the surface and nanostructural interface effects of these materials because these features can affect hydrogen storage properties. In this article, we review the application of these characterization techniques in exploring hydrogen storage materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2E32573 and 2E32591 ). It was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (No. NRF-2021R1A2C2009642 ). One of the authors (JHS) acknowledges the support from the Energy Technology Development Program (Project No. 20213030040400 ) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy of Korea.
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd
- Characterization techniques
- Hydrogen storage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering