A comparative analysis of artificial neural network architectures for building energy consumption forecasting

Jihoon Moon, Sungwoo Park, Seungmin Rho, Eenjun Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Smart grids have recently attracted increasing attention because of their reliability, flexibility, sustainability, and efficiency. A typical smart grid consists of diverse components such as smart meters, energy management systems, energy storage systems, and renewable energy resources. In particular, to make an effective energy management strategy for the energy management system, accurate load forecasting is necessary. Recently, artificial neural network–based load forecasting models with good performance have been proposed. For accurate load forecasting, it is critical to determine effective hyperparameters of neural networks, which is a complex and time-consuming task. Among these parameters, the type of activation function and the number of hidden layers are critical in the performance of neural networks. In this study, we construct diverse artificial neural network–based building electric energy consumption forecasting models using different combinations of the two hyperparameters and compare their performance. Experimental results indicate that neural networks with scaled exponential linear units and five hidden layers exhibit better performance, on average than other forecasting models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Short-term load forecasting
  • artificial neural network
  • building energy consumption forecasting
  • hyperparameter tuning
  • scaled exponential linear unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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