A comparative study on the hydrogen bonding ability of amide and thioamide using near IR spectroscopy

Byoung Koun Min, Ho Jin Lee, Young Sang Choi, Jeunghee Park, Chang Ju Yoon, Jeong A. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The hydrogen bonding abilities of amide and thioamide as a proton acceptor have been compared experimentally and theoretically. The near IR absorption spectroscopic technique has been employed to measure the thermodynamic data for the hydrogen-bonding interactions of N,N- dimethylthioformamide (DMTF) with proton donors such as thioacetamide (TA) and thiopropionamide (TPA). The v(N-H)/(as) + Amide II combination band of TA and TPA at ~ 1970 nm has been chosen. The enthalpy changes for the formation of DMTF:TA (1:1) and DMTF:TPA (1:1) hydrogen-bonded complexes are measured to be - 5.8 ± 0.2 and - 5.0 ± 0.2 kcal/mol, respectively, which are almost 2 times larger than those of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF):TA and DMF:TPA complexes. However, the equilibrium constant for the hydrogen bonding formation of DMTF with TA (TPA) is ~ 6 times smaller than that of DMF. The proton affinity (PA) of O-site on DMF and that of S-site on DMTF were studied by ab initio molecular orbital calculations using the 6-311G** basis set at the B3LYP level, showing that the PA value of DMTF is larger than that of DMF. For the first time, we present the experimental and theoretical comparison on the ability of hydrogen bonded complex of thioamide and amide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Nov 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Institute program funds (BSRI-97-3405, BSRI-97-3432). Professor C.-J. Yoon was supported by the 1996 Special Research Fund of Institute of Natural Sciences, The Catholic University of Korea.

Copyright 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.


  • Ab initio calculation of proton affinity
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • N,N-Dimethylthioamide
  • Near IR spectroscopy
  • Thermodynamic parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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