A Comparison of TDD and FDD Massive MIMO Systems against Smart Jamming

Ashkan Sheikhi, S. Mohammad Razavizadeh, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Frequency division duplex (FDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems introduce a large overhead in downlink channel estimation in contrast to the time division duplex (TDD) mode. This overhead results in a considerable spectral efficiency (SE) gap between the FDD and TDD modes. In this paper, we consider the performance of the TDD and FDD massive MIMO systems with a spatially correlated channel in the presence of jamming in the network. We show how a smart jammer can effectively design its attack signal to degrade the network performance in terms of the downlink SE. Since the jammer can obtain different information about the channels in the TDD and FDD modes, two distinct jamming strategies are proposed for each mode. In the numerical results, the performance of both the TDD and FDD modes under the optimized jamming designs are evaluated and compared. Our results show that despite more attention to the TDD mode in current massive MIMO systems, it is more vulnerable to smart jamming attacks compared to the FDD mode which results in a smaller SE-gap between the modes. Furthermore, a countermeasure technique is proposed to combat this jamming attack in both the TDD and FDD modes by estimating the jamming power, grouping users, and allocating power among them. The numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed countermeasure techniques in both the TDD and FDD modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9064726
Pages (from-to)72068-72077
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation through the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP), Korean Government, under Grant 2017R1A2B3012316.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • Frequency division duplex (FDD)
  • massive MIMO
  • physical layer security
  • smart jamming
  • time division duplex (TDD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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