Portable gamma-ray imaging devices capable of responding to a broad energy range while providing reasonable angular resolution and efficiency are useful in a number of applications, including environmental remediation and industrial surveys. Due to this, a dual radiation imaging system that combines the advantages of a multi-aperture mechanical collimator with electronic-collimation has been designed, built, and tested. The combination of these two disparate imaging modalities offers both efficiency and good angular resolution, and is unique since a single gamma ray can contribute information to both modalities simultaneously. The Dual Modality Gamma Camera (DMGC) combines a high-resolution uniformly redundant array (URA) coded aperture with a Compton scatter camera to provide a broader range of energy response suitable for a wider range of industrial applications. The LaCl3(Ce}) in the first detector module has 22×22 voxels, each voxel having a dimension of 2×2× 5mm3. The LaCl3(Ce) in the second detector module has 6×6 voxels having dimensions of 4×4×10mm3. Both scintillators are coupled to position-sensitive photomultiplier tubes (PSPMT). The front-end, peak detection and coincident circuits of the DMGC are custom-designed for simplicity and compactness. Point and simulated ring radiation sources at intermediate energies (356 and 662 keV) are measured for mechanical, electronic and dual collimation and the reconstructed images are compared. The results show that the combined dual collimation image, using the maximum likelihood method for image reconstruction, yields better images than either a mechanical or an electronic collimation image at intermediate energies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received December 04, 2007; revised May 19, 2008. Current version published February 11, 2009. This work was supported by a U.S. Department of Energy grant, a Korea University grant, and a Korea Science and Engineering Foundation grant.
- Compton camera
- Dual camera
- Hybrid camera
- Uniformly redundant array (URA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering