A finite-sample simulation study of cross validation in tree-based models

Seoung Bum Kim, Xiaoming Huo, Kwok Leung Tsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Cross validation (CV) has been widely used for choosing and evaluating statistical models. The main purpose of this study is to explore the behavior of CV in tree-based models. We achieve this goal by an experimental approach, which compares a cross-validated tree classifier with the Bayes classifier that is ideal for the underlying distribution. The main observation of this study is that the difference between the testing and training errors from a cross-validated tree classifier and the Bayes classifier empirically has a linear regression relation. The slope and the coefficient of determination of the regression model can serve as performance measure of a cross-validated tree classifier. Moreover, simulation reveals that the performance of a cross-validated tree classifier depends on the geometry, parameters of the underlying distributions, and sample sizes. Our study can explain, evaluate, and justify the use of CV in tree-based models when the sample size is relatively small.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-233
Number of pages11
JournalInformation Technology and Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec


  • Bayes classifier
  • Cross validation
  • Trees-based models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Communication
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)


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