Water poisoning, the dependence of gas-sensing characteristics on moisture, in oxide chemiresistors remains a long-standing challenge. Various approaches are explored to mitigate water poisoning but they are often accompanied by significant deterioration of sensing capabilities such as gas response deterioration, gas selectivity alteration, and sensor resistance increase up to unmeasurable levels. Herein, a novel sensor design with a moisture-blocking Tb4O7 overlayer is suggested as a facile and universal strategy to remove moisture poisoning without sacrificing intrinsic sensing properties. A submicrometer-thick coating of Tb4O7 overlayer on In2O3 sensors effectively eliminates the humidity dependence of the gas-sensing characteristics without significantly altering the gas response, selectivity, and sensor resistance. Furthermore, the general validity of the water-blocking effect using the Tb4O7 overlayer is confirmed in diverse gas sensors using SnO2, ZnO, and Pd/SnO2. The negligible moisture interference of the bilayer sensor is explained in terms of the hydrophobic nature of the Tb4O7 overlayer and the prevention of formation of the -OH radical by the interaction between Tb4O7 and In2O3. A universal solution to design diverse humidity-independent gas sensors with different gas selectivities can open up new pathways toward building accurate and robust gas sensors with new functionalities and high-performance artificial olfaction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Samsung Research Funding & Incubation Center for Future Technology (SRFC), Grant No. SRFC‐TA1803‐04.
© 2020 The Authors. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
- Tb O water poisoning
- bilayer sensors
- gas sensors
- oxide semiconductors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics