A high-resolution temporal atlas of the SARS-CoV-2 translatome and transcriptome

Doyeon Kim, Sukjun Kim, Joori Park, Hee Ryung Chang, Jeeyoon Chang, Junhak Ahn, Heedo Park, Junehee Park, Narae Son, Gihyeon Kang, Jeonghun Kim, Kisoon Kim, Man Seong Park, Yoon Ki Kim, Daehyun Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

COVID-19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which infected >200 million people resulting in >4 million deaths. However, temporal landscape of the SARS-CoV-2 translatome and its impact on the human genome remain unexplored. Here, we report a high-resolution atlas of the translatome and transcriptome of SARS-CoV-2 for various time points after infecting human cells. Intriguingly, substantial amount of SARS-CoV-2 translation initiates at a novel translation initiation site (TIS) located in the leader sequence, termed TIS-L. Since TIS-L is included in all the genomic and subgenomic RNAs, the SARS-CoV-2 translatome may be regulated by a sophisticated interplay between TIS-L and downstream TISs. TIS-L functions as a strong translation enhancer for ORF S, and as translation suppressors for most of the other ORFs. Our global temporal atlas provides compelling insight into unique regulation of the SARS-CoV-2 translatome and helps comprehensively evaluate its impact on the human genome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5120
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea (NRF-2014M3C9A3063541, NRF-2015R1A3A2033665, NRF-2017M3A9E4061995, NRF-2018R1A5A1024261, NRF-2018M3A9H4056537, NRF-2019M3E5D3073104, NRF-2020R1A2C3007032, and NRF-2020R1A5A1018081) and from Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI15C3224).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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