A multi-component analysis of cpted in the cyberspace domain

Jemin Justin Lee, Myong Hyun Go, Yu Kyung Kim, Minhee Joo, Jeongeun Seo, Haengrok Oh, Janghyuk Kauh, Kyungho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The visual fidelity of a virtual environment lacks the exceedingly complex layers from the physical world, but the continuous improvements of image rendering technology and computation powers have led to greater demands for virtual simulations. Our study employs Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) as a risk control measure and utilizes two principles: Access Control and Natural Surveillance. We conducted an experiment with (n-sample: 100) graduate students. For the experiment, we utilized the Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR) to quantitatively analyze the risk. Furthermore, we adopted the lme4 package for R to estimate the mixed effect of the 6,242,880 observations retrieved from Kaggle. Based on the two experiments, we were able to critically evaluate the contributions of CPTED through a multi-component analysis. Our study investigates how spatial syntax and territorial demarcation may translate in the cyberspace realm. We found that the corollaries of the mophology in the virtual environment effects the distribution of crime. The results of our study discusses how to determine the criminogenic designs and capacity in the cyberspace realm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3968
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 2


  • Access control
  • FAIR
  • IoT
  • Lme4
  • Natural surveillance
  • R
  • Spatial syntax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A multi-component analysis of cpted in the cyberspace domain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this