A NOVEL ECG and EEG CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM BASED on NONLINEAR STATISTICAL FEATURES

Jian Wang, Wenjing Jiang, Junseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Accurate classification of the medical signals is urgently needed in clinical medicine. This paper aims to create a classifier to shorten the time of the classification and ensure the sorting accuracy, which assists physicians in saving diagnostic time and formulating the treatment plans. We create the classifier based on Kolmogorov complexity, Shannon entropy, Higuchi's Hurst exponent and multifractal features. We obtain a feature value from Kolmogorov complexity, Shannon entropy and Higuchi's Hurst exponent, and three feature values based on multifractal features to compose a vector and analyze it. Furthermore, we study a vector composed of six multifractal features as a control group. Electrocardiogram (ECG) and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are applied to examine the performance of the classifier by support vector machine (SVM). The accuracy of ECG signals based on mixed classification (MC-ECG-SVM) reaches 94.17%, which is approximately 15% higher than that of ECG signals only based on multifractal features classification (UC-ECG-SVM). The sensitivities of MC-ECG-SVM and UC-ECG-SVM are 86.09% and 64.54%, respectively. The specificities of MC-ECG-SVM and UC-ECG-SVM are 98.26% and 93.65%, respectively. Analogously, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of EEG signals based on mixed classification (MC-EEG-SVM) reach 95.29%, 96.28%, and 94.55%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of EEG signals based on multifractal features classification (UC-EEG-SVM) are 87.40%, 89.28%, and 88.11%, respectively. Therefore, the mixed classification method is more accurate than the classification method only based on multifractal features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2350096
JournalFractals
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 World Scientific Publishing Company.

Keywords

  • Higuchi's Hurst Exponent
  • Kolmogorov Complexity
  • Multifractal Features
  • Shannon Entropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Applied Mathematics

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