This paper presents a novel echo-hiding method. This method is quite different from previous echo-hiding methods since it presents a new echo kernel which introduces a forward kernel as well as a backward kernel. The new kernel, a combination of the backward and forward kernels, can enhance the watermark detection rate considerably. Thus, it is possible to reduce echo amplitude. This paper mathematically proves that the combination of kernels improves its performance. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking scheme is much better than previous echo-hiding schemes in terms of detection rate and imperceptibility.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
|Published - 2003 Aug
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received December 14, 2002; revised March 14, 2003. This work was supported in part by the Institute of Information Technology Assessment of Korea under Grant 0700004-1-1 (2000247) and by the Advanced Information Technology Research Center (AITrc).
- Echo watermarking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Media Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering