A performance comparison of mobility anchor point selection schemes in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 networks

Sangheon Pack, Taekyoung Kwon, Yanghee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) introduces a mobility anchor point (MAP) that localizes the signaling traffic and hence reduces the handoff latency. In addition to processing binding update messages from mobile nodes (MNs) on behalf of MNs' home agents (HAs), the MAP performs data traffic tunneling destined to or originated from MNs, both of which will burden the MAP substantially as the network size grows. To provide scalable and robust mobile Internet services to a large number of visiting MNs, multiple MAPs will be deployed. In such an environment, how to select an appropriate MAP has a vital effect on the overall network performance. In this paper, we choose four MAP selection schemes: the furthest MAP selection scheme, the nearest MAP selection scheme, the mobility-based MAP selection scheme, and the adaptive MAP selection scheme. Then, we compare their performances quantitatively in terms of signaling overhead and load balancing. It can be shown that the dynamic schemes (i.e., the mobility-based and the adaptive MAP selection schemes) are better than the static schemes (i.e., the furthest and the nearest MAP selection schemes), since the dynamic schemes can select the serving MAP depending on the MN's characteristics, e.g., mobility and session activity. In addition, the adaptive MAP selection scheme achieves low implementation overhead and better load balancing compared with the mobility-based MAP selection scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1630-1642
Number of pages13
JournalComputer Networks
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 25
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Brain Korea 21 project of the Ministry of Education and in part by the National Research Laboratory project of the Ministry of Science and Technology, 2005, Korea.


  • Analytical modeling
  • Hierarchical Mobile IPv6
  • Load balancing
  • MAP selection scheme
  • Mobility anchor point (MAP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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