A rapid diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 using DNA hydrogel formation on microfluidic pores

Hwang soo Kim, Naseem Abbas, Sehyun Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been a major public health challenge in 2020. Early diagnosis of COVID-19 is the most effective method to control disease spread and prevent further mortality. As such, a high-precision and rapid yet economic assay method is urgently required. Herein, we propose an innovative method to detect severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using isothermal amplification of nucleic acids on a mesh containing multiple microfluidic pores. Hybridization of pathogen DNA and immobilized probes forms a DNA hydrogel by rolling circle amplification and, consequently, blocks the pores to prevent fluid movement, as observed. Following optimization of several factors, including pore size, mesh location, and precision microfluidics, the limit of detection (LOD) for SARS-CoV-2 was determined to be 0.7 aM at 15-min incubation. These results indicate rapid, easy, and effective detection with a moderate-sized LOD of the target pathogen by remote point-of-care testing and without the requirement of any sophisticated device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113005
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 1


  • COVID-19
  • Hydrogel
  • Microfluidics
  • Micropores
  • Nucleic acid
  • Rolling circle amplification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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