A review of inorganic scintillation crystals for extreme environments

Chanho Kim, Wonhi Lee, Alima Melis, Abdallah Elmughrabi, Kisung Lee, Chansun Park, Jung Yeol Yeom

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


In the past, the main research and use of scintillators in extreme environments were mainly limited to high energy physics and the well-logging industry, but their applications are now expanding to reactor monitoring systems, marine and space exploration, nuclear fusion, radiation therapy, etc. In this article, we review and summarize single-crystal inorganic scintillator candidates that can be applied to radiation detection in extreme environments. Crucial scintillation properties to consider for use in extreme environments are temperature dependence and radiation resistance, along with scintillators’ susceptibility to moisture and mechanical shock. Therefore, we report on performance change, with a focus on radiation resistance and temperature dependence, and the availability of inorganic scintillator for extreme environments—high radiation, temperature, humidity and vibration—according to their applications. In addition, theoretical explanations for temperature dependence and radiation resistance are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number669
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017M2A8A4017932, NRF-2020R1I1A1A01070761, NRF-2020R1A2C2007376 and NRF-2020M2A8A4023713).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Inorganic scintillation crystal
  • Radiation detector
  • Radiation resistance
  • Temperature dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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