A review of the National Eco-Industrial Park Development Program in Korea: Progress and achievements in the first phase, 2005-2010

Jun Mo Park, Joo Young Park, Hung Suck Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a comprehensive review of the first phase of the Korean National Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) Development Program from 2005 to 2010. The main objectives of this review are to introduce how Korea established its own approach to nationwide eco-industrial development and to examine the program's successes and limiting factors to draw lessons about how industrial symbiosis can be developed successfully elsewhere. The Korean EIP program emerged from a context of 50 years of industrial development to transform traditional industrial structures into EIPs using cleaner production at the industrial park level. During the first five years, regional EIP centers established at five pilot sites developed and implemented 47 resource-sharing projects, which generated considerable economic and environmental benefits. This was possible due to an institutional system that effectively combined top-down and bottom-up approaches and to the mediating role of regional EIP centers, which bring together local stakeholders from businesses, governments, and research organizations. By learning during the first phase, Korea has established its own model for eco-industrial development that will continue to develop during the second and third phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-44
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 15
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Program for the Construction of Eco-Industrial Parks (EIPs), which was conducted by the Korea Industrial Complex Corporation (KICOX) ( KICOX 2005B02901 ) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Eco-Industrial Park (EIP)
  • Eco-industrial development
  • Industrial development policy
  • Industrial symbiosis
  • Korea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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