A review of UAV integration in forensic civil engineering: From sensor technologies to geotechnical, structural and water infrastructure applications

Sang Yeob Kim, Da Yun Kwon, Arum Jang, Young K. Ju, Jong Sub Lee, Seungkwan Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) mounted with remote sensors have been widely used in architectural, civil, and environmental engineering fields. In particular, UAVs are applied for monitoring civil infrastructure to analyze the cause of failure in forensic engineering. This paper reviews UAV sensors and their applications in the context of forensic engineering. First, RGB, non-RGB cameras (e.g., IR thermal, multispectral, and hyperspectral detectors), and non-imaging sensors (e.g., LiDAR and SAR) are categorized by their emission methods. The advantages and disadvantages of sensors with different wavelengths, such as penetration capability and resolution, are described. Thereafter, application cases are individually presented in the geotechnical, structural, and water infrastructure fields. Different failures in each field are described: geotechnical engineering (slope failure, ground deformation), structural engineering (the stability, durability of infrastructure), water infrastructure engineering (harmful algal blooms, oil spill). Finally, the challenges of current UAV technology and recommendations for further study in forensic engineering are addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113886
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume224
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Forensic engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Sensors
  • Structural engineering
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle
  • Water infrastructure engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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