A second-level cache with the distance-aware replacement policy for NUMA systems

Sung Woo Chung, Jeong Heon Shin, Hyong Shik Kim, Chu Shik Jhon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The cache replacement policy is one of the most important factors that affect the cache performance. With the trend of increasing associativity in second-level caches, implementing an efficient replacement algorithm becomes more important than just eliminating conflict misses. The LRU cache replacement algorithm has been known to work well in a single processor system by reducing the cache miss rate, but it does not minimize the cache replacement cost on the interconnection for a multiprocessor system because it does not take the distance into account. In this paper, we suggest a distance-aware second level (L2) cache for scalable multiprocessors, which is composed of a traditional LRU cache and an additional SDF (Shortest Distance First) cache. The LRU cache selects a victim using age information, while the SDF cache does so using distance information. Both work together to minimize the overall replacement cost by keeping long-distance blocks as well as recently used blocks. The combined L2 cache reduces the cache miss rate compared to the original LRU cache in many cases. With 32 processors, a 512KB LRU/SDF L2 cache outperforms a 512KB LRU L2 cache. Moreover, the replacement traffic on an interconnection network such as the ring is suppressed by up to 69%, which is expected to bring more scalability to multiprocessor systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-813
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Information Science and Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Cache miss rate
  • Cache replacement policy
  • Memory hierarchy
  • Parallel architecture
  • Performance evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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