A Simple Visualization Method for Three-Dimensional (3D) Network

Sangkwon Kim, Chaeyoung Lee, Jintae Park, Sungha Yoon, Yongho Choi, Junseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The network is a concept that can be seen a lot in many areas of research. It is used to describe and interpret datasets in various fields such as social network, biological network, and metabolic regulation network. As a result, network diagrams appeared in various forms, and methods for visualizing the network information are being developed. In this article, we present a simple method with a weight of information data to visualize the network diagram for the three-dimensional (3D) network. The generic method of network visualization is a circular representation with many intersections. When dealing with a lot of data, the three-dimensional network graphics, which can be rotated, are easier to analyze than the two-dimensional (2D) network. The proposed algorithm focuses on visualizing three factors: the position and size of the nodes and the thickness of the edge between linked nodes. In the proposed method, an objective function is defined, which consists of two parts to locate the nodes: (i) a constraint for given distance, which is the weight of the relationship among all the data, and (ii) the mutual repulsive force among the given nodes. We apply the gradient descent method to minimize the objective function. The size of the nodes and the thickness of the edges are defined by using the weight of each node and the weight between other nodes associated with it, respectively. To demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm, the relationships of the characters in the two novels are visualized using 3D network diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1426212
JournalDiscrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Sangkwon Kim et al.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation


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