A software-defined surveillance system with energy harvesting: Design and performance optimization

Haneul Ko, Sangheon Pack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Even though energy harvesting is a promising technology for energy-efficient surveillance systems, energy harvesting levels are highly dynamic depending on the time and location. Thus, the deployment of nonenergy-harvesting sensor nodes (NHSs) and sophisticated sleep scheduling of sensor nodes are necessary for performance guaranteed surveillance systems. In this paper, we present a software-defined surveillance system (SDSS) in which a centralized controller determines the sleep schedules of energy harvesting and NHSs on the basis of the collected information such as the spatial distribution of targets and the energy levels of sensor nodes. To derive the optimal sleep schedules minimizing the number of active sensor nodes while providing sufficient surveillance performance, a constraint Markov decision process problem is formulated and the optimal policy on sleep scheduling is obtained by linear programming. The evaluation results demonstrate that the SDSS with the optimal policy can reduce energy consumption by employing fewer active sensor nodes while providing the required level of target monitoring probability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8267221
Pages (from-to)1361-1369
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received July 31, 2017; revised November 24, 2017; accepted January 19, 2018. Date of publication January 23, 2018; date of current version June 8, 2018. This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea through the Korean Government under Grant NRF-2017R1E1A1A01073742 and in part by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion through the Korea Government (MSIT) under Grant 2017-0-00195 (Development of Core Technologies for Programmable Switch in Multi-Service Networks). (Corresponding author: Sangheon Pack.) H. Ko is with the Smart Quantum Communication Research Center, Korea University, Seoul 136-713, South Korea, and also with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada (e-mail: st_basket@korea.ac.kr).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 IEEE.


  • Constraint Markov decision process (CMDP)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • energy harvesting
  • sleep scheduling
  • surveillance system
  • target monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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