A study of walkable spaces with natural elements for urban regeneration: A focus on cases in Seoul, South Korea

Ekaterina Shafray, Seiyong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Environmental protection issues and the monitoring of pollution, especially for the largest cities in Asia, are becoming increasingly prominent factors for inclusive urban planning of public open spaces. Recently, a walkability concept was implemented in many cities, and in 2016 it became a campaign direction for development in Seoul. This paper considers conditions of implementation for the walkability concept, using examples of pedestrian walkway-making initiatives, and regeneration of existing walkways along water streams in urban case studies in Seoul, South Korea. The role of nature-based solutions was considered in relation to aesthetics, and social and environmental characteristics (e.g., air pollution, oxygenation through greenery) obtained through literature reviews for the case studies. Considering the complexity of the situation, with factors such as Air Quality Index (AQI) warning conditions, and the general positive impact of walkability on enhancing a healthy life style and social interaction and on reducing congestion, this study contributes to the discussion on walkability, and the importance of nature-based urban regeneration projects for densely populated areas in cities. The results of particular cases in this paper suggest the need for careful monitoring and consideration of various factors for urban regeneration walkable design projects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number587
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 11

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors.


  • Air Quality Index
  • Pedestrian walkways
  • Seoul
  • Urban regeneration
  • Walkability
  • Walkable city
  • Water streams

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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