A Study on Charge-Discharge Characteristics of No-Insulation GdBCO Magnets Energized via a Flux Injector

Yoon Hyuck Choi, Seong Gyeom Kim, Seol Hee Jeong, Ji Hyung Kim, Ho Min Kim, Haigun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the charging/discharging characteristics of two types of GdBCO double pancake (DP) magnets, one wound without turn-to-turn insulation (NI magnet) and another wound with Kapton tape (INS magnet), energized via a lab-made flux injector. A permanent magnet mounted on a rotor, which was driven by a separate ac motor, was used to provide a magnetic flux linking into the GdBCO DP magnets through a GdBCO sheet that was connected to each end of the magnet to achieve a closed loop. When the GdBCO sheet was exposed to a time-varying magnetic field, the magnetic fields of the NI and INS magnets started to increase and voltage fluctuations occurred because the time-varying magnetic field interacted with an electric circuit, inducing an electromotive force. This result confirmed that the flux injector could provide effective flux injection, leading to an induced current in the closed loop. During the discharging process, the magnetic fields originally induced during the charging process decayed as a function of time due to the existence of the resistive joints, and finally, the fields reached zero, indicating that the magnets were discharged completely. Moreover, the NI magnet exhibited a lower field decay rate compared to the INS magnet owing to the characteristic resistance, which is a typical electromagnetic behavior of an RL parallel circuit. Overall, the test results demonstrated the feasibility of employing the flux injector to energize the NI magnet, which is electrically and mechanically independent of the power supply.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7817873
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.


  • Charging/discharging characteristics
  • charging delay
  • flux injector
  • no-insulation GdBCO magnet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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