Absorption heat pump systems for solution transportation at ambient temperature - STA cycle

Y. T. Kang, A. Akisawa, Y. Sambe, T. Kashiwagi

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This paper proposes an efficient method of energy transportation using an absorption system called "solution transportation absorption system (STA)". The solution is transported at an ambient temperature so that tube-insulation is not required in the STA system. Absorption cycles using aqueous LiBr and NH3-H2O solutions are compared to the STA applications. A concentration shift to the left occurs in the LiBr-H2O STA system which reduces the crystallization temperature lower than 25°C. A wide range of concentration is obtained in the NH3-H2O STA system which results in a low solution mass flow rate leading to a larger cooling capacity for a given mass flow rate of the solution. In the LiBr-H2O STA system, the overall conductance (UA) has greater effect on the system capacity than it does on the COP. The UA of the rectifier has the most significant effect on the COP and the capacity of the NH3-H2O STA system. The tube diameters of the LiBr-H2O and NH3-H2O STA systems are reduced to six and eight times smaller than that of the conventional chilled water transportation system, respectively. A cooling capacity of 5000 RT can be transported as far as 115 km and 510 km with a tube diameter of 10 cm using LiBr-H2O and NH3-H2O STA systems, respectively. The NH3-H2O system is a better choice than the LiBr-H2O system for the STA applications from the viewpoints of pumping power and the maximum transportation distance.ABS absorberCOND condenserD diameter (m)DES desorberEVAP evaporatorf friction coefficientg gravitational acceleration (m/s2)H head loss (m)H2O waterL tube length (m)LiBr lithium bromideṁ mass flow rate (kg/s)NH3 ammoniaP pressure (kPa)Po pumping power (kW)Q volumetric flow rate (m3/s)REC rectifierRe Reynolds numberRT refrigeration tons (kW)SHX solution heat exchangerT temperature (°C)UA overall conductance (kW/K)V velocity (m/s)x concentration (mass fraction)ε tube roughness (m)η efficiencyρ density (kg/m3)Subscripts1 strong solution line2 weak solution line3 refrigerant linea ambientAI absorber inletAE absorber exitHi high sideLo low sidee electricityp pumps strong solutionw weak solution

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-370
Number of pages16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge that this work was partially funded by Japan Gas Association.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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