Addressing state space multicollinearity in solving an ozone pollution dynamic control problem

Bancha Ariyajunya, Ying Chen, Victoria C.P. Chen, Seoung Bum Kim, Jay Rosenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


High ground-level ozone concentrations constitute a serious air quality problem in many metropolitan regions. In this paper, we study a stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) formulation of the Atlanta metropolitan ozone pollution problem that seeks to reduce ozone via reductions of nitrogen oxides. The initial SDP formulation involves a 524-dimensional continuous state space, including ozone concentrations that are highly correlated. In prior work, a design and analysis of computer experiments (DACE) based approximate dynamic programming (ADP) solution method was able to conduct dimensionality reduction and value function approximation to enable a computationally-tractable numerical solution. However, this prior work did not address state space multicollinearity. In statistical modeling, high multicollinearity is well-known to adversely affect the generalizability of the constructed model. This issue is relevant whenever an empirical model is trained on data, but is largely ignored in the ADP literature. We propose approaches for addressing the multicollinearity in the Atlanta case study and demonstrate that if high multicollinearity is ignored, the resulting empirical models provide misleading information within the ADP algorithm. Because many SDP applications involve multicollinear continuous state spaces, the lessons learned in our research can guide the development of ADP approaches for a wide variety of SDP problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-695
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 1


  • Approximate dynamic programming
  • Computer experiments
  • Multicollinearity
  • Ozone pollution
  • Statistical modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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