Adsorptive removal of aqueous fluoride by liner minerals from SPL-landfill leachate during the seepage process

Seunghun Hyun, Dong Hee Kang, Juhee Kim, Minhee Kim, Dae Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The breakthrough curve (BTC) of F- through a lining layer composed of kaolinite and montmorillonite was investigated in a one-dimensional seepage system as functions of the initial F- concentration, liner thickness, seepage velocity and presence of a co-solute. The removal of F- from the seepage system was much greater than that estimated from the batch adsorption result, probably due to the high liner mass-leachate volume ratio. By lowering the F- feed concentration from 30 to 15mg/L, the peak retardation (μ'1) was enhanced by 30-60%, which was consistent with the nonlinear F- adsorption (N<1) for the given materials. From a column with 1.5-times thicker liner (6cm), more than 80% of the peak concentration was reduced with both kaolinite and montmorillonite compared to the thinner layer (4cm). However, when the seepage velocity was doubled from 3.4×10-3 to 6.8×10-4cm/s, the peak concentration was increased by 20-30% and an early peak arrival was detected. The presence of 0.035mM [Fe(CN)6]4- showed no significant impact, as shown in the batch adsorption system. In conclusion, the thickness of the liner and seepage rate through the liner layer should be primary factors in determining the efficacy of F- removal from SPL-induced leachate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-351
Number of pages5
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 2


  • Adsorption
  • Clay liner
  • Ferrocyanide
  • Fluoride
  • Landfill leachate
  • Spend potliner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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