Advanced 3D imaging and organoid bioprinting for biomedical research and therapeutic applications

Sushila Maharjan, Chenshuo Ma, Bibhor Singh, Heemin Kang, Gorka Orive, Junjie Yao, Yu Shrike Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Organoid cultures offer a valuable platform for studying organ-level biology, allowing for a closer mimicry of human physiology compared to traditional two-dimensional cell culture systems or non-primate animal models. While many organoid cultures use cell aggregates or decellularized extracellular matrices as scaffolds, they often lack precise biochemical and biophysical microenvironments. In contrast, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting allows precise placement of organoids or spheroids, providing enhanced spatial control and facilitating the direct fusion for the formation of large-scale functional tissues in vitro. In addition, 3D bioprinting enables fine tuning of biochemical and biophysical cues to support organoid development and maturation. With advances in the organoid technology and its potential applications across diverse research fields such as cell biology, developmental biology, disease pathology, precision medicine, drug toxicology, and tissue engineering, organoid imaging has become a crucial aspect of physiological and pathological studies. This review highlights the recent advancements in imaging technologies that have significantly contributed to organoid research. Additionally, we discuss various bioprinting techniques, emphasizing their applications in organoid bioprinting. Integrating 3D imaging tools into a bioprinting platform allows real-time visualization while facilitating quality control, optimization, and comprehensive bioprinting assessment. Similarly, combining imaging technologies with organoid bioprinting can provide valuable insights into tissue formation, maturation, functions, and therapeutic responses. This approach not only improves the reproducibility of physiologically relevant tissues but also enhances understanding of complex biological processes. Thus, careful selection of bioprinting modalities, coupled with appropriate imaging techniques, holds the potential to create a versatile platform capable of addressing existing challenges and harnessing opportunities in these rapidly evolving fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115237
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 2024 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.


  • 3D bioprinting
  • Biofabrication
  • Biomedicine
  • Imaging
  • Organoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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