Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (aqZIBs) are low cost and highly safe; however, the development of optimal cathode materials for them is challenging. Although layered vanadium oxides with high specific capacity have been extensively used as an aqZIB cathode material, the applicability of layered VO2·0.5H2O (VOH) as an aqZIB cathode material has not been investigated. In this light, herein, the electrochemical properties of a VOH cathode, prepared by a facile hydrothermal process, were examined and the applicability of the VOH cathode in aqZIBs was verified. VOH was electrochemically oxidized at high voltage during pre-charging; anodic oxidation caused a change in the valence state of VOH and induced an unexpected crystalline-to-amorphous phase transformation. Furthermore, the insertion of water in the pyramidal VO5 framework of oxidized VOH (ox-VOH) facilitated the highly reversible V3+/V5+ redox reaction with Zn ions. Moreover, ox-VOH was found to possess a highly stable amorphous phase and achieved high diffusion-controlled contribution at a low current density (50 mA g−1), affording superior, and stable long-term cyclability with ~88% retention after 240 cycles. These achievements signify a new milestone in developing suitable cathodes for high-performance aqZIBs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), South Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2020R1A6A1A03045059). We thank the Korea Basic Science Institute for the technical support.
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), South Korea funded by the Ministry of Education ( 2020R1A6A1A03045059 ). We thank the Korea Basic Science Institute for the technical support.
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
- Amorphous phase
- Anodic oxidation
- Aqueous zinc-ion batteries
- Hydrated vanadium oxide
- Long-term cyclability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering