An adaptive reconfigurable active voltage doubler/rectifier for extended-range inductive power transmission

Hyung Min Lee, Maysam Ghovanloo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


We present an adaptive reconfigurable active voltage doubler (VD)/rectifier (REC) (VD/REC) in standard CMOS, which can adaptively change its topology to either a VD or a REC by sensing the output voltage, leading to more robust inductive power transmission over an extended range. Both active VD and REC modes provide much lower dropout voltage and far better power conversion efficiency (PCE) compared to their passive counterparts by adopting offset-controlled high-speed comparators that drive the rectifying switches at proper times in the high-frequency band. We have fabricated the active VD/REC in a 0.5-μm 3-metal 2-poly CMOS process, occupying 0.585 mm2 of chip area. In an exemplar setup, VD/REC extended the power transmission range by 33% (from 6 to 8 cm) in relative coil distance and 41.5% (from 53° to 75°) in relative coil orientation compared to using the REC alone. While providing 3.1-V dc output across a 500-$\Omega$ load from 2.15- (VD) and 3.7-V (REC) peak ac inputs at 13.56 MHz, VD/REC achieved measured PCEs of 70% and 77%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6236106
Pages (from-to)481-485
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Active rectifier (REC)
  • active voltage doubler (VD)
  • adaptive control
  • high-speed comparators
  • implantable microelectronic devices (IMDs)
  • inductive power transmission
  • near field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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