An electrochemical route to graphene oxide

Xueqiu You, Jong Hyeon Chang, Byeong Kwon Ju, James Jungho Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Large-scale graphene oxide (GO) with adjustable resistivity was synthesized from graphite via an electrochemical method using KCl solution as an effective electrolyte. During the exfoliation process, electrostatic force intercalates chloride ions between the expanded graphite layers on the anode. These chloride ions form small gas bubbles between the graphite layers in the electrochemical reaction. It is believed that the gas bubbles expand the gap between graphite sheets and produce a separating force between adjacent graphene layers. This separating force overcomes the Van der Waals force between adjacent sheets and exfoliates graphene layers from the starting graphite. Because the graphene is electrochemically oxidized by chorine during the exfoliation, the exfoliated GO sheets are hydrophilic and easily dispersed in the electrolyte solution. The GO solution prepared by the electrochemical exfoliation can be simply sprayed or spin-coated onto any substrate for device applications. The measured average thicknesses of a monolayer, bilayer, and trilayer exfoliated GO on SiO 2 substrate were 1.9, 2.8, and 3.9 nm, respectively. It was observed that the measured resistance of the exfoliated GO sheets increases due to electrochemical oxidation in the solution. This electrochemical approach offers a low-cost and efficient route to the fabrication of graphene based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5965-5968
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul


  • Electrochemical Exfoliation
  • Electrochemical Oxidation
  • Graphene Oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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