An Evasive Scheduling Enhancement against Packet Dropping Attacks in C-V2X Communication

Youngjoon Yoon, Hyogon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has standardized the Sensing-Based Semi-Persistent Scheduling (SB-SPS) as the radio resource allocation algorithm for Cellular V2X (C-V2X) sidelink communication Mode 4. The algorithm leverages on past resource use pattern and reservation information of neighbor vehicles to reduce the chances of packet collisions. However, the very predictability can be exploited by potential attackers to intentionally cause packet collisions in the predicted transmission locations in the resource plane. In this letter, we demonstrate that such packet dropping attack can cause the victim to become a 'ghost vehicle' to neighbors for a long duration. If used in highly safety-critical situations, the attack can push the victim into a situation of higher crash risk, which would be worse off than not having the C-V2X safety communication. Therefore, we propose an enhancement to the SB-SPS algorithm to guard against the attack by randomizing actually used resource locations to a certain degree. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed enhancement through analysis and simulation, and discuss its cost aspect as well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9222212
Pages (from-to)392-396
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1997-2012 IEEE.


  • Cellular V2X
  • feedback
  • packet dropping attack
  • randomization
  • sensing-based semi-persistent scheduling (SPS)
  • sidelink mode 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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