An online top-down SSVEP-BMI for augmented reality

Ji Wan Kim, Maeng Nam Kim, Dong Hyeon Kang, Min Hee Ahn, Hyun Seok Kim, Byoung Kyong Min

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)


Augmented reality (AR) technology using a head mounted display (HMD) is one of the fundamental tools in the next smart internet of things (IoT) society. Nowadays, portable brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) using an HMD have been studied for the future of BMI interlocked with the present IoT technology. In order to investigate the feasibility of the top-down SSVEP (steady-state visual evoked potential) BMI embedded in an HMD, SSVEP stimuli was presented in a HoloLens (Microsoft) for augmented reality (AR) constructed by holography. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was measured during the top-down SSVEP-based BMI performance, where a grid-shaped flickering visual stimulus was presented in the display of HoloLens. We examined its feasibility in a real-Time basis by its decoding accuracy. We found that the top-down SSVEP-BMI could be efficiently embedded in an AR-based HMD, and thus it can be applied for the AR-based device-control automation in an IoT space using EEG signals.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538681169
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb
Event7th International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2019 - Gangwon, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2019 Feb 182019 Feb 20

Publication series

Name7th International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2019


Conference7th International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2019
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Korea University Future Research Grant, the Basic Science Research Program (grant number 2018R1A2B6004084 to B.K.M.), the ICT R&D program of MSIP/Institute for Information & Communications Technology Promotion (IITP; grant number 2017-0-00432 to B.K.M.), the Convergent Technology R&D Program for Human Augmentation (grant number 2018M3C1B8017514 to B.K.M.), and the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program (grant number IITP-2018-2016-0-00464 to B.K.M.)usrvipsed by teheITIP,hwch aireufd by nde the Korean government (MSIT) through the National Research Foundation of Korea. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.


  • AR
  • Augmented Reality
  • BCI
  • BMI
  • EEG
  • HoloLens
  • top-down

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


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