An Optimized and Distributed Data Packet Forwarding Scheme in LTE/LTE-A Networks

Haneul Ko, Giwon Lee, Dongeun Suh, Sangheon Pack, Xuemin Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Long-term evolution (LTE)/LTE-advanced (LTE-A) networks have recently introduced a data packet forwarding scheme between evolved node Bs (eNBs) to reduce the signaling overhead and the delay incurred in the data path switching scheme, which is a baseline handover scheme in LTE/LTE-A networks. Even with the data packet forwarding scheme, if the length of the forwarding chain is set inappropriately, the data packet forwarding scheme suffers from the degraded throughput. To attain the optimal handover performance in terms of throughput and delay and reduce the signaling overhead, we propose an optimized and distributed data packet forwarding scheme where the optimal length of the forwarding chain is obtained by a Markov decision process (MDP). In addition, a low-complexity value iteration algorithm is devised to solve the optimality equation of MDP in a more practical manner. Real trace-driven evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme determines the optimal length of the forwarding chain adaptively to the applications' quality-of-service (QoS) requirements and reduces the signaling overhead and delay while achieving higher throughput in diverse environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7105955
Pages (from-to)3462-3473
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014R1A2A1A12066986 and NRF-2014K1A3A1A21001357). The review of this paper was coordinated by Dr. P. Lin.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.


  • Data packet forwarding
  • Markov decision process (MDP)
  • data path switching
  • handover
  • long-term evolution (LTE)/LTE-advanced (LTE-A)
  • trace-driven evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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