Analysis of consumer preference for milk produced through sustainable farming: The case of mountainous dairy farming

Kyungsoo Nam, Heesun Lim, Byeong Il Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


As income is rising and urbanization progressing, the consumption of meat and dairy products is increasing, especially in developing countries. However, increasing livestock production leads to challenges that need to be addressed, such as yielding environmental pollution and causing climate change. Due to these circumstances, the importance of sustainable livestock farming has been highlighted in order to effectively utilize natural resources and to protect the environment. We analyzed consumers' preference and willingness to pay for milk, one of the representative dairy products, which was produced in a sustainable way. Among the various attributes of milk, marginal willingness to pay for "performing sustainability" through mountainous farming was estimated to be the biggest. The willingness to pay was revealed to be higher for the consumer group with a high awareness of sustainable farming than the consumer group with low awareness. The empirical results in this study suggest that it is important to consider the economic feasibility of dairy farming by forming a consensus with consumers through publicity and changing the production pattern to promote sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3039
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors.


  • Choice experiment
  • Consumers' preference
  • Dairy farming in the mountain area
  • Milk
  • Sustainable food production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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