Analysis of palladium-based anode electrode using electrochemical impedance spectra in direct formic acid fuel cells

Won Suk Jung, Jonghee Han, S. Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we used the electrochemical impedance spectra to evaluate the anode performance of direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC), and how its anode charge transfer resistance (Ranode,ct) and electrolyte resistance (Rele) are affected by various cell operating parameters. The parameters investigated in this study include the anode overpotentials, cell operation times, formic acid feed concentrations and cell temperatures. The anode impedance spectra demonstrated that the Ranode,ct and Rele are low for the DFAFC using 5 M formic acid feed concentration, which leads to its high power density output of 250 mW cm-2 at 0.35 V and 30 °C. The high performance of the DFAFC demonstrates that it has a great potential for portable power applications. The Ranode,ct increases gradually as either the cell operation time increases or the formic acid feed concentration is raised from 10 to 15 M, which leads to a deactivation of the anode electrode, resulting in reduction of overall cell performance. However, these deactivation processes are reversible and the cell performance can be easily reactivated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 8

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology and the Korea Research Foundation Grant (KRF-2006-612-D00021) funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD).


  • Charge transfer resistance
  • Direct formic acid fuel cells
  • Electrolyte resistance
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Palladium
  • Portable power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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