Analysis on thermal performance of ground heat exchanger according to design type based on thermal response test

Sang Mu Bae, Yujin Nam, Jong Min Choi, Kwang Ho Lee, Jae Sang Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


A ground source heat pump (GSHP) system has higher performance than air source heat pump system due to the use of more efficient ground heat source. However, the GSHP system performance depends on ground thermal properties and groundwater conditions. There are many studies on the improvement of GSHP system by developing ground heat exchanger (GHX) and heat exchange method. Several studies have suggested methods to improve heat exchange rate for the development of GHX. However, few real-scale experimental studies have quantitatively analyzed their performance using the same ground conditions. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the thermal performance of various pipe types of GHX by the thermal response test (TRT) under the same field and test conditions. Four kinds of GHX (HDPE type, HDPE-nano type, spiral fin type, and coaxial type) were constructed in the same site. Inlet and outlet temperatures of GHXs and effective thermal conductivity were measured through the TRT. In addition, the borehole thermal resistance was calculated to comparatively analyze the correlation of the heat exchange performance with each GHX. Result of the TRT revealed that averages effective thermal conductivities of HDPE type, HDPE-nano, spiral fin type, and coaxial type GHX were 2.25 W/m·K, 2.34 W/m·K, 2.55 W/m·K, and 2.16 W/m·K, respectively. In the result, it was found that the average borehole thermal resistance can be an important factor in TRT, but the effect of increased thermal conductivity of pipe material itself was not significant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number651
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 17
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Borehole thermal resistance
  • Effective thermal conductivity
  • Ground heat exchanger (GHX)
  • Ground source heat pump (GSHP) system
  • Thermal performance
  • Thermal response test (TRT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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