Analytical Investigation of the Effects of Secondary Structural Members on the Structural Behaviors of Transmission Towers

Pyounghwa Kim, Whi Seok Han, Jeong Hun Kim, Jeonghwa Lee, Young Jong Kang, Seungjun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-voltage transmission towers consist of structures that are designed to avoid the risk of electric shock and prevent the risk of collapse. Hence, for efficiency, they are generally designed as high-rise towers. The main tower posts are the primary structural members that resist loads under various load conditions. Therefore, the contribution of the secondary members to securing the stiffness and strength of the main posts by reducing the effective buckling length is an important one. However, we lack detailed secondary member design criteria. In this study, we observed the structural effects of the horizontal members and braces on the torsional stiffness, elastic buckling strength, and load-carrying capacity of a transmission tower using various structural analysis methods, including linear elastic, eigenvalue, and geometric nonlinear and inelastic analyses, under governing load combinations. According to the analytical results, it is the brace spacing rather than the horizontal members that substantially affects the structural performance. Therefore, we can minimize the number of horizontal members if we erect sufficient brace members. If the brace spacing is wide, then the horizontal members should be erected to create K bracing, thereby enhancing the buckling resistance of the main posts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number223
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Korea Electric Power Research Institute (KEPRI) (CX72200091), and by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2021R1A5A1032433).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • brace
  • geometry simplification
  • high-rise transmission tower
  • horizontal member
  • load-carrying capacity
  • secondary structural members

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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