Analyzing symptom experiences and pathways to enhancing quality of life in adolescents with Moyamoya disease

Won Oak Oh, Yoo Jin Heo, Jihee Han, Eunji Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The psycho-emotional symptom experiences and health-related factors that influence the quality of life of adolescents with Moyamoya disease are still not fully understood. The aim of this study is to identify the daily physical and accompanying psychological symptom experiences of such adolescents, and to examine how health-related factors contribute to their quality of life. Design and method: This study employed a descriptive cross-sectional research design. Data on a total of 134 adolescents with Moyamoya disease was analyzed in order to develop a path analysis. Data were collected from October 2019 to January 2021 in South Korea. The theory of salutogenesis was employed in order to develop a hypothetical model for this path analysis. Participants were given a self-reporting questionnaire. Descriptive analysis and path analysis were conducted based on the results. Results: Adolescents with Moyamoya disease experienced several negative emotions simultaneously, regardless of the severity of their physical symptoms. The path analysis revealed that stress, a sense of coherence, behavior, and the support of friends were significant contributors to adolescents' quality of life. Conclusions: Adolescents with Moyamoya disease have multifaceted symptom experiences in their daily lives. To enhance their quality of life, it is crucial to provide support that can help strengthen their capacity for stress management and enhance their sense of coherence. Practical implications: This study provides evidence that nurses should offer anticipatory information to adolescents with Moyamoya disease regarding the symptoms they will frequently encounter, and develop interventions to enhance their quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Moyamoya disease
  • Path analysis
  • Symptom experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics

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