Anisotropic AC Magnetic Susceptibility in (Ga,Mn)As Films

Xiang Li, Sining Dong, Taehee Yoo, Xinyu Liu, Sanghoon Lee, Jacek K. Furdyna, Margaret Dobrowolska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report a systematic investigation of ac magnetic susceptibility in (Ga,Mn)As films as a function of temperature and magnetic field, carried out in parallel with dc magnetization measurements. The temperature dependence of ac susceptibility χac shows anisotropic behavior: 1) a single peak in χac is observed close to TC for the [110] orientation of the driving ac field; 2) a single peak is also seen close to 22 K for the field along [110]; and 3) peaks at both these temperatures are observed for the field applied along [100]. A detailed analysis of the ac and dc data unambiguously indicates that the peak near TC is related to the paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic phase transition, with the ferromagnetic domains nucleating with their easy axes aligned with the [110] direction, providing a clear picture of uniaxial domain behavior near TC. The peak near 22 K, on the other hand, is related to the onset of biaxial domain structure in (Ga,Mn)As induced by the competition between uniaxial and cubic anisotropy. More specifically, the ac susceptibility peak near TC involves 180° magnetization flips along the [110] easy axis of the domains, while the peak near 22 K originates from magnetization wobbling between two biaxial easy axes separated by a small angle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number07118705
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1965-2012 IEEE.


  • Ferromagnetic semiconductors
  • magnetic anisotropy
  • magnetic domains and magnetic susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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