Non-specific binding (NSB) is one of the important issues in biosensing performance. Herein, we designed a strategy for removing non-specific binding including anti-mouse IgG antibody and bovine serum albumin (BSA) by utilizing anisotropic cadmium selenide tetrapods (CdSe TPs) in a vortex flow. The shear force on the tetrapod nanoparticles was increased by controlling the rotation rate of the vortex flow from 0 rpm to 1000 rpm. As a result, photoluminescence (PL) signals of fluorescein (FITC)-conjugated protein, anti-mouse IgG antibody-FITC and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-FITC, were reduced by 35% and 45%, respectively, indicating that NSB can be removed under vortex flow. In particular, simultaneous NSB removal and protein capture can be achieved even with mixture solutions of target antibodies and anti-mouse IgG antibodies by applying cyclic mode vortex flow on anisotropic CdSe TPs. These results demonstrate successfully that NSB can be diminished by rotating CdSe TPs to generate shear force under vortex flow. This study opens up new research protocols for utilization of anisotropic nanoparticles under vortex flow, which increases the feasibility of protein capture and non-specific proteins removal for biosensors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2021R1A2C3009955), and a Korea University Grant.
© 2022 by the authors.
- CdSe tetrapods
- anisotropic nanoparticles
- cyclic mode vortex flow
- non-specific binding removal
- protein capture
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Information Systems
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering