Anthropogenic influence in observed regional warming trends and the implied social time of emergence

Francisco Estrada, Dukpa Kim, Pierre Perron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The attribution of climate change allows for the evaluation of the contribution of human drivers to observed warming. At the global and hemispheric scales, many physical and observation-based methods have shown a dominant anthropogenic signal, in contrast, regional attribution of climate change relies on physically based numerical climate models. Here we show, using state-of-the-art statistical tests, the existence of a common nonlinear trend in observed regional air surface temperatures largely imparted by anthropogenic forcing. All regions, continents and countries considered have experienced warming during the past century due to increasing anthropogenic radiative forcing. The results show that we now experience mean temperatures that would have been considered extreme values during the mid-20th century. The adaptation window has been getting shorter and is projected to markedly decrease in the next few decades. Our findings provide independent empirical evidence about the anthropogenic influence on the observed warming trend in different regions of the world.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalCommunications Earth and Environment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Anthropogenic influence in observed regional warming trends and the implied social time of emergence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this