The ligand-activated transcription factor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ, and its ligands inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokine production by immune cells, thus exerting anti-inflammatory activity. As a non-thiazolidinedione PPARγ ligand, KR62980 has anti-diabetic and anti-adipogenic activities, but its anti-inflammatory function has yet to be characterized. In this study, we investigated the functions and mechanisms of KR62980 in the activation and differentiation of CD4+ T helper (Th) cells by comparing its effects with those of a thiazolidinedione PPARγ ligand, rosiglitazone. KR62980 dose-dependently and significantly suppressed TCR-triggered Th cell proliferation by suppressing IL-2/IL-2Rα-mediated signaling. Both KR62980 and rosiglitazone suppressed IFNγ production in a dose-dependent manner, whereas IL-4 gene expression was specifically suppressed by only KR62980. In addition, sustained KR62980 treatment diminished Th2 cytokine production by inhibiting c-Maf expression. In vivo administration of KR62980 in a model of allergic asthma significantly attenuated eotaxin-induced eosinophil infiltration, allergic cytokine production and collagen deposition in the lung. KR62980 also decreased goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway and mucous cell metaplasia in nasal epithelium, concurrent with decreases of allergic Th2 cytokines and IL-17 in the draining lymph node. In conclusion, a novel PPARγ ligand, KR62980, suppresses in vitro Th2 cell differentiation and attenuates in vivo OVA-induced airway inflammation, suggesting a beneficial role for KR62980 in the treatment of allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Center for Biological Modulators of the 21st Century Frontier R&D program, Basic Science Research program (KRF-2008-314-E00283) and partially by the NCRC program (R15-2006-020) of KOSEF funded by MEST.
Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Allergic airway inflammation
- Th2 cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas