Applicability of Brassica juncea as a bioindicator for As contamination in soil near the abandoned mine area

Min Suk Kim, Eunji Chae, Hyun Gi Min, Jeong Gyu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Soil monitoring in abandoned mine areas is important from the perspective of ecological and human health risk. Arsenic (As) is a predominant metalloid contaminant in abandoned mine area and its behavior has been influenced by various soil characteristics. Bioindicator can be a useful tool in terms of testing the extent to which they are uptaken by plants bioavailability. Eighteen soils near the mine tailings dam were collected to investigate the effect of As contamination on As absorption by Brassica juncea. The pH range of the experimental soils was between 4.90 and 8.55, and the total As concentrations were between 34 mg kg−1 and 3017 mg kg−1. The bioavailability of As was evaluated by Olsen method, and B. juncea was cultivated in eighteen soils for 3 weeks. Principal component analysis, correlation, and multiple regression analysis were performed to estimate a significant factor affecting As uptake by B. juncea. All statistical results indicated that As bioavailability in soil is the main factor affecting As uptake in root and shoot of B. juncea. Although translocation process, the amount of As in shoot was exponentially explained by As bioavailability in soil. This result suggests that the contamination and bioavailability of As can be confirmed only by analyzing the shoot of B. juncea, which is be easily found in environmental ecosystem, and implies the applicability of B. juncea as a bioindicator for the monitoring of As contamination and its behavior in soil ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120805
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - 2024 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd


  • Bioavailability
  • Bioindicator
  • Monitoring
  • Olsen method
  • Principal component analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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