Application of artificial neural networks for determining energy-efficient operating set-points of the VRF cooling system

Min Hee Chung, Young Kwon Yang, Kwang Ho Lee, Je Hyeon Lee, Jin Woo Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to develop an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model that can predict the amount of cooling energy consumption for the different settings of the variable refrigerant flow (VRF) cooling system's control variables. Matrix laboratory (MATLAB) and its neural network toolbox were used for the ANN model development and test performance. For the model training and performance evaluation, data sets were collected through the field measurement. Four steps were conducted in the development process: initial model development, input variable selection, model optimization, and performance evaluation. In the initial model development and input variable selection process, seven input variables were selected as input neurons: TEMPOUT, HUMIDOUT, TEMPIN, LOADCOOL, TEMPSA, TEMPCOND, and PRESCOND. In addition, the initial model was optimized to have 2 hidden layers, 15 hidden neurons in each hidden layer, a learning rate of 0.3, and a momentum of 0.3. The optimized model demonstrated its prediction accuracy within the recommended level, thus proved its potential for application in the control algorithm for creating a comfortable indoor thermal environment in an energy-efficient manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial neural network
  • Condenser fluid pressure set-point
  • Condenser fluid temperature set-point
  • Predictive controls
  • Refrigeration evaporation temperature set-point
  • Supply air temperature set-point

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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