RNA is an intermediate player between DNA transcription and protein translation. RNAs also interact with other macromolecules and metabolites and regulate their fate. The emerging number of RNA identifications expanded new areas of study to determine their applicability and functional analysis. Recently, extensive research has been focused on visualizing RNA in living biological samples and a method has been developed by the evolution of specific fluorophore-binding aptamers through the Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX) method. Several promising fluorescent turn-on aptamers are currently available, and they can detect RNA-RNA, RNA-protein, ligand binding, small molecule, and metabolite interactionsin vitroand under live-cell conditions. Here we review the currently available fluorescent turn-on aptamers and discuss their applicability for analyzing the fate of targeted RNAs inin vitroandin vivosystems.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Aug|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology