Application of soil washing and thermal desorption for sustainable remediation and reuse of remediated soil

Sang Hwan Lee, Soon Oh Kim, Sang Woo Lee, Min Suk Kim, Hyun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Global governance of soil resources as well as revitalizations and remediation of degraded areas seem to be necessary actions for sustainable development. A great deal of effort has gone into developing remediation technologies to remove or reduce the impact of these contaminants in the environment. However, contaminated soil remediations in stringent conditions deteriorate soil properties and functions and create the need for efficient soil revitalization measures. Soil washing (SW) and thermal desorption (TD) are commonly used to remediate contaminated soil and can sig-nificantly reduce the contaminant, sometimes to safe levels where reuse can be considered; how-ever, the effects of treatment on soil quality must be understood in order to support redevelopment after remediation. In this review, we discussed the effects of SW and TD on soil properties, including subsequent soil quality and health. Furthermore, the importance of these techniques for remediation and reclamation strategies was discussed. Some restoration strategies were also proposed for the recovery of soil quality. In addition, remediated and revitalized soil can be reused for various pur-poses, which can be accepted as an implementation of sustainable remediation. This review con-cludes with an outlook of future research efforts that will further shift SW and TD toward sustainable remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12523
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Amendments
  • Revitalization
  • Soil remediation
  • Soil reuse
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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