Application of the dilatometer test for estimating undrained shear strength of Busan New Port clay

Hyunwook Choo, Woojin Lee, Sung Jin Hong, Changho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The dilatometer test (DMT) is an economical and fast tool that evaluates the stratigraphy and properties of soil. In this study, a series of DMTs, field vane tests (FVTs), and K0 consolidated-undrained triaxial compression (CK0UC) tests were performed to develop an empirical correlation for the undrained shear strength (su) of clayey soils from the Busan New Port site. The stress-normalized mobilized susu/σv′) for both laboratory tests and FVTs is determined to be around 0.22, which is consistent with previous studies. The exponent m for overconsolidation ratio (OCR), which is in the relation of su/σv′=S·OCRm, is determined to be 0.83 by using the SHANSEP technique. Two different methods of estimating su are reviewed to make use of either the horizontal stress index (KD) or the bearing factor (Nc). Because the DMT results indicate that the Nc is linearly proportional to the material index (ID), representing the characteristics of soil, the empirical su estimating formula with ID is newly suggested in this study. According to the values for the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), the empirical correlation with ID shows a slightly better accuracy than that using KD. However, a comparison between the values for the su that are measured and estimated by using two different methods shows good agreement in general.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 15


  • Dilatometer test (DMT)
  • Field vane test (FVT)
  • K consolidated-undrained triaxial compression test
  • Mobilized undrained shear strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Application of the dilatometer test for estimating undrained shear strength of Busan New Port clay'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this