Appropriate level of development of in-situ building information modeling for existing building energy modeling implementation

Dong Eun Jung, Seohoon Kim, Seolyee Han, Seunghwan Yoo, Hakgeun Jeong, Kwang Ho Lee, Jonghun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Existing buildings deteriorate over time, and the energy consumption continues to increase. In order to improve energy efficiency, evaluation of the energy performance of the existing buildings through simulation is required in advance. However, for most existing buildings, drawing information for evaluating energy performance is omitted. Without drawing information, the building energy cannot be modeled and energy cannot be predicted. To solve this problem, the building information modeling (BIM)-building energy modeling (BEM) process based on 3D laser scanning has recently been attracting considerable attention. When there is no drawing information in this process, geometric information of the existing building can be implemented through BIM. In addition, it is extremely important to determine the level of development (LOD) of the BIM because the accuracy of energy prediction depends on the LOD. In other words, the LOD of in-situ BIM should be determined for accurate building energy performance evaluation. Therefore, this study proposes an appropriate LOD of in-situ BIM for BEM implementation of existing buildings. Accordingly, the BIM-BEM process was applied and the building energy performance was evaluated. In addition, the uncertainty and accuracy were analyzed through comparison with the measured building energy consumptions. As a result of the analysis, LOD 350 was determined as a suitable LOD, capable of simulating the energy performance of an actual building.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106233
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA) grant funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (grant number 22PIYR-C153279-04 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Building energy modeling
  • Building information modeling
  • Existing building
  • Level of development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials


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